Python Plot Shapefile

Geopandas further depends on fiona for file access and descartes and matplotlib for plotting. This document provides usage examples for using the Python Shapefile Library. A new version of this tutorial is available at Getting Started With Python Programming (QGIS3) QGIS has a powerful programming interface that allows you to extend the core functionality of the software as well as write scripts to automate your tasks. Now you need to plot GPS points or assign a geographical location to each of them. Converting Text Files to Shapefile Layer¶. Shoreline, river. It comes with state-of-the-art tools for 3D rendering, a suite of widgets for 3D interaction, and extensive 2D plotting capability. Add a shapefile to the map. Let's open our shapefiles with geopandas. Mailing List Archive. Python Training in Chennai. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability, and its syntax allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code than would be possible in languages such as C++ or Java. This is your input. However, the default Python interpreter was designed with simplicity in mind and has a thread-safe mechanism, the so-called “GIL” (Global Interpreter Lock). Over Thanksgiving I finally got around to releasing the Python Shapefile Library. To draw a line on your map, use a polyline. In this tutorial on python for data science, you will learn about how to create geographic maps in python. From x and y form a matrix of z values. routing or reachability analysis with software like Network Analyst) we also offer special routable shapefiles which only include the road network. A new post about maps (with improved examples!) can be found here. However, we usually want to automate the process and run everything without spending time with GUIs. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) publishes shapefiles with various sea level rise scenarios on its website. Book Description. For more information on Python syntax, please see the Python +a shapefile. Turns out that a shapefile has multiples shapes inside and I needed to plot all of them. Plot Geographic Density in R 1 Introduction I create a heat map of the intensity of home purchases from 2000 to 2008 in Los Angeles County, CA using a random sample of observations from the county deeds records. The ArcGIS API for Python installs on all macOS and Linux machines, as well as those Windows machines not using Python interpreters that have access to ArcPy will only be able to write out to shapefile format with the to_featureclass method. Reading and plotting a shapefile Reading a shapefile returns a list of tuples (list of points) zip() is a built-in Python function (zip as in fastener). At the time of writing this (Spring 2015) OSGeo4W installs with a version of Python 2. how to create choropleth maps using plotly in python using jupyter notebook. The Shapefile format is a popular Geographic Information System vector data format. Geometries in Python can be created and stored as a datatype by using Shapely. 4-2) Python based plotting system (data package) python-mccabe (0. intersection(g2), g1,g2]) The plotting functionality makes use of the JFreeChart library, a popular open source Java framework for creating diagrams and charts. Create a polyline shapefile in ArcToolbox. I want to plot the same in Folium python. In this blog we will look at some of the libraries and demonstrate few basic functionalities. This blog is all about displaying and visualising shapefiles in Jupyter Notebooks with GeoPandas. Import shapefile- I have to import shapefile (shapefile to geojson). More examples are included in the examples directory of the basemap source distribution. I've got a shapefile with country boundary coordinates of every country. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) publishes shapefiles with various sea level rise scenarios on its website. IPython console in Spyder IDE by default opens non-interactive Matplotlib plots in the same inline “notebook”. In particular, it makes python point-in-polygon calculations very easy. I want to plot the shapefile, and fill the polygon with a color according to the value in the polygon. pyplot as plt sf = shapefile. Packt is the online library and learning platform for professional developers. In this code snippet one image of each filter option is saved, so you can compare the quality in. GeoPandas extends the datatypes used by pandas to allow spatial operations on geometric types. Here’s a flashy example. More than 2 years have passed since publication and the available tools have evolved a lot. Applying the features in the shapefile as a mask on the raster sets all pixels outside of the features to be zero. ) based on bounding box for whole world with data about a day old. You need to use matplotlib paths and patches and there is a Python module dedicated to plot polygons from shapefiles using these functions Descartes. Geopandas further depends on fiona for file access and descartes and matplotlib for plotting. Reader( Python - Displaying a Shapefile. In this script, we use data from the HydroSHEDS database to illustrate some functionalities of salem Maps. For more information on Python syntax, please see the Python documentation. It is developed and regulated by Esri as a (mostly) open specification for data interoperability among Esri and other software products. In this blog we will look at some of the libraries and demonstrate few basic functionalities. It provides simple and efficient tools for sophisticated vector and raster analysis, geocoding, map making, routing and directions, as well as for organizing and managing a GIS with users, groups and information items. 6 module for geostatistical modeling. A shapefile is a popular geospatial vector data format for geographic information systems software. Or refine the plots in Python with matplotlib or additional packages, such as Seaborn and the Holoviz ecosystem. Now note that in this post the data I will be using to plot points and such on a map is the 2015 England and Wales Property prices and so I will be drawing the UK. News about the dynamic, interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, extensible programming language Python. Reorder Shapefile Data. Download and model street networks. The King of Growth,Working with the Python Super Function,Python Cheat Sheets,Beautiful Soup 4 Python,Web Scraping with BeautifulSoup,Python - Quick Guide,The del Statement,__str__ vs. Drawing a Contour Plot using Python and Matplotlib: Create a list of x points. Plot showing populated places for the entire globe overlayed on top of the Continental United States. To upload and plot your lat/long points, click Start Map Maker above. Plotting shapefiles¶. They are extracted from open source Python projects. It is useful to launch ipython with the -pylab option, as this will load a number of useful modules (numpy, scipy and matplotlib), saving you the hassle of loading them yourself. we created a plot where we customized the width of each line in a spatial object according to a factor level or category. Reads in netcdf data with scipy. There are python packages available to work with Excel files that will run on any Python platform and that do not require either Windows or Excel to be used. I'm writing a little GIS tool in Python and I want to display shapefiles. So I was wondering if there is any chance of getting python modules installed to achieve one of the examples below from the web:. "Opening a GADM shapefile, get region names, and plot filled regions with plt. In this post we will plot data from shapefile in the most visually efficient way possible. Bottom Line: Here's a simple way to plot some of the US Census data. Call the contour() function of matplotlib. Neuron output Neural Networks course (practical examples) © 2012 Primoz Potocnik PROBLEM DESCRIPTION: Calculate the output of a simple neuron. Erik Crosman: Example IDL Script for plotting 4-panel WRF output from real case study over the Salt Lake Valley, Utah during PCAPS. But it does not always provide the easiest access to some open source libraries. Right click on the sample file in the Table of Contents in ArcMap, and go to Data –> Export Data and make a shapefile out of it. All in x lines of Python, where x is a small. ESRI shapefile to graph in MATLAB? Does anyone know how to convert an ESRI shapefile to a graph in MATLAB so that we can use it as a graph to find shortest path etc? (see the example plot. Each polyline should represent a rhino's track chronologically from the beginning of the spreadsheet to the end of the spreadsheet. Then, I deselected every layer but the one ending in slr_8ft. Edit the line in ArcMap and draw the line. Filled contour plots are useful for looking at density across two dimensions and are often used to visualize geographic data. columns should be a separate line. There are some demos of downloading and examining shapefile data from the web, and modifying an NCL plot to add shapefile outlines. WGS84 uses geodesic geometries), but this can be overridden in the Advanced settings menu. These shapefiles will normally include some geographic attribute data such as names and id codes, but are mostly data-less. Cheers, Trond. The web site is a project at GitHub and served by Github Pages. You work with shapefiles in ArcGIS Pro in a similar way to working with feature classes. As Pyshp (shapefile) has the geo_interface (New geo_interface for PyShp) convention, you can use it. ipynb 1: Install dependencies with the Python package manager pip ¶ In a Jupyter Notebook you can run a shell command by prefixing the line with !. Graph-tool is an efficient Python module for manipulation and statistical analysis of graphs (a. It’s straightforward to make them in R — once you get your data in the right format, that is. But one of the election data files I found, OpenDataSoft's USA 2016 Presidential Election by county had embedded county shapes, available either as. The full documentation for this code is in the Shapely manual. One of the most useful things you can do with a GIS software package like QGIS is plot numerical data on a map. We plot all the 4463 postal codes coordinates just as we plotted a few cities earlier. If your shapefile uses a gridded coordinate system (e. Easy to understand and fun to read, Introducing Python is ideal for beginning programmers as well as those new to the language. It is assumed that you know how to enter data or read data files which is covered in the first chapter, and it is assumed that you are familiar with the different data types. lat_0 and lon_0 are for centre point of map. This way I can see each step visually. It is developed and regulated by Esri as a (mostly) open specification for data interoperability among Esri and other software products. They are created mainly by government mapping agencies (such as the USGS or National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency) or by GIS software developers. I'll be using the GBR_adm shapefile for the United United Kingdom, but the method should be applicable to pretty much any shape file. To do this, we create a vector of colors containing a color value for EACH feature in our spatial object grouped by. Facilities for reading shapefiles. To open up separate windows for interactive figures in Spyder go to Spyder menu and set:. Existing solutions. Getting Started on Geospatial Analysis with Python, GeoJSON and GeoPandas As a native New Yorker, I would be a mess without Google Maps every single time I go anywhere outside the city. They can be added to the map as a layer and you can work with their fields and properties in the fields view. Python bindings to the asynchronous DNS resolver library python-adodb (2. 1, bottom=0. The primary way to make shapefile data available for others to view through a web browser is to add it to a. Paul Smith's presentation on spatial and web mapping with Python at PyCon 2012. , 1975) to an ASCII data file, and then creates a postscript file of the seismic data using a general plotting package. Hi, I tried to plot my shape and my points using your code, but I can't add the points on the fiona python object (I must be use this because I need to use a selection inside the original shapefile for different combinations of municipalities in my Thesis). Python uses a popular and robust pseudorandom number generator called the Mersenne Twister. Note: Almost all of the companies below offer Desktop GIS and WebMap Server products. It contains a lot of things that are very specific, so we're going to just give an introduction to the basic functions of Basemap. The full documentation for this code is in the Shapely manual. We are using matplotlib, the most common 2D plotting python package. Download Download a free trial of PyXLL to start writing your Python Excel add-in. OpenCV-Python Tutorials. Along with the maptools package,… Read More ». It is a single file of pure Python with no dependencies. Use fancy indexing on the left and array creation on the right to assign values into an array, for instance by setting parts of the array in the diagram above to zero. A shapefile will come in the form of a group of several similarly named files with different extensions. These plugins can also be installed directly from the QGIS Plugin Manager within the QGIS application. How To: Convert a file with coordinates in degrees, minutes, and seconds to a feature class or shapefile using ArcMap 10. Filter and Select Input Shapefile to New Output Shapefile Like ogr2ogr CLI¶ The ogr2ogr command line tool is an easy way to filter, reproject and trim columns in a shapefile. Shapefile, GeoJSON, TopoJSON, DBF and CSV files are supported. The full documentation for this code is in the Shapely manual. How to make Heatmaps in Python with Plotly. Returns a list of the results after applying the given function to each item of a given iterable (list, tuple etc. Start by launching in a console window the ipython interpreter. Mary Haley February 13, 2014. prj file is there to explain these numbers, but we have not delved into know how much the PyShp package makes use of this file. First the elaborate procedure for connecting to Twitter following and. This exercise will guide you through creating a vector layer from a text file of point locations. deg min 3857. Plotting Shapes with Python Basemap wwithout Shapefiles. Open() call. Here is the sample code from the video: from mpl_toolkits. Reader( Python - Displaying a Shapefile. But a lot of magic still happens. When you're working with polygons it can be useful to be able to plot them - perhaps to check that your operation has worked as expected, or to display a final result. The carefully generalized linework maintains consistent, recognizable geographic shapes at 1:10m, 1:50m, and 1:110m scales. 2-2) Python based plotting system (data package) python-matplotlib2-data (2. A shapefile is a popular geospatial vector data format for geographic information systems software. If you want another size change the number of bins. Over Thanksgiving I finally got around to releasing the Python Shapefile Library. Python based plotting system in a style similar to Matlab python-matplotlib-data (3. The pos and offset arguments can be used in conjunction with values returned by identify to recreate an interactively labelled plot. Matplotlib is a Python 2D plotting library which produces publication quality figures in a variety of hardcopy formats and interactive environments across platforms. pcolormesh extended from scatter plot or other method? Sorry for repeatingly asking this question, I sent you through email couple of weeks ago. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) publishes shapefiles with various sea level rise scenarios on its website. "The Esri Shapefile or simply a shapefile is a popular geospatial vector data format for geographic information systems software. Native Python GIS Tools¶ GeoPandas bundles a lot of separate libraries, but if you don't want to use GeoPandas, you are welcome to use these libraries on their own. Now we have the information we need to be able to draw our map, we can get to writing some code and actually producing a basic map. You can find it with documentation here in the CheeseShop or search for "pyshp" on Google Code. More examples are included in the examples directory of the basemap source distribution. 1) # Four subplots share the same frame ax1 = plt. It allows you to turn analyses into interactive web apps using only Python scripts, so you don't have to know any other languages like HTML, CSS, or JavaScript. Applying the features in the shapefile as a mask on the raster sets all pixels outside of the features to be zero. com) Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Hi, I tried to plot my shape and my points using your code, but I can't add the points on the fiona python object (I must be use this because I need to use a selection inside the original shapefile for different combinations of municipalities in my Thesis). This package is designed to allow the rapid analysis of spatial data stored as ESRI shapefiles, handling all of the geometric conversions. Unfortunately, its development has stagnated, with its last release in 2009. Use ggplot2 to plot polygons contained in a shapefile. Identifying the formats required for a desired function is the first step in using some of the many toolbox or modeling features in ArcMap. Learn more about mapping, shapefile Mapping Toolbox first create an axesm object and plot your shapefile and point on it. Tags : python shapefile scatterplot. This document provides usage examples for using the Python Shapefile Library. 0 and prior only. ipynb 1: Install dependencies with the Python package manager pip ¶ In a Jupyter Notebook you can run a shell command by prefixing the line with !. Python Syntax Basics,Hello Developers. One of the most useful things you can do with a GIS software package like QGIS is plot numerical data on a map. The full documentation for this code is in the Shapely manual. The shapefile itself contains both the polygon/shape data and the value for each polygon. Now we have the information we need to be able to draw our map, we can get to writing some code and actually producing a basic map. If you are about to ask a "how do I do this in python" question, please try r/learnpython, the Python discord, or the #python IRC channel on FreeNode. 995 sigma level. How to Display Coordinates as Points in ArcMap Click OK twice to plot your Add XY data/export the file again and save the shapefile in the geodatabase. update(hspace=0. A shapefile is a common vector data format, originally developed by ESRI. This leaves us without an open source general GIS library for Python at this time. A shapefile will come in the form of a group of several similarly named files with different extensions. This is a part of our QGIS Tutorial for Beginner series. Next, add another layer to your map to see how you can create a more complex map with a legend that represents both layers. 1, bottom=0. Clipping a raster using a shape is one of them. Converting Text Files to Shapefile Layer¶. You can add various shapes to your map. This can be one of. Create interactive maps and apps and share them with the rest of your organization. Problems However, this is still a work in progress, and there is still plenty of work to do. Mapshaper is an editor for map data. None of these examples make use of xarray's builtin plotting functions, since additional work is most likely needed to extend xarray in order to work correctly. Alcid | Blog - Making a Geographic Heatmap with Python. plot function. To draw the contour line for a certain z value, we connect all the (x, y) pairs, which produce the value z. Return to the Resources page. A lot of the US Census data is freely available to download from census. In this tutorial, I introduced shapefiles as tools for clipping satellite data to city boundaries. That’s definitely the synonym of “Python for data analysis”. Easily change coordinate projection systems in Python with pyproj Posted on November 13, 2012 by John A. Examples of how to make maps with Plotly and Mapbox. We’ll need a few spatial plotting packages in R ( ggmap, rgeos, maptools). Reader( Python - Displaying a Shapefile. The GHRC ISS LIS data products in netCDF-4 format may be used with this data recipe. This way I can see each step visually. Rasterio also provides rasterio. It can also accept any of the kwargs available to matplotlib. In this paper we introduce a new approach for information retrieval from Persian document image database without using Optical Character Recognition (OCR). server 8080 (for Python3). Applying the features in the shapefile as a mask on the raster sets all pixels outside of the features to be zero. I love my Mac. Learn more about importing shapefiles. Again, reproduce the fancy indexing shown in the diagram above. 今回は市までわかってるverをPythonでやってみます。. Along with the maptools package,… Read More ». Go to the workbook where the shapefile data is imported. A Python script that reads the data from the spreadsheet and creates, from scratch, a polyline shapefile with n polylines, n being the number of rhinos in the spreadsheet. Download India Shapefile with official India Boundary You find many site on internet but they all have some part of one Indian state is missing. After my arduous search for open 2016 election data by county, as a first test I wanted one of those red-blue-purple charts of how Democratic or Republican each county's vote was. I'm trying to plot a shapefile directly from postgis using python, my shapfile is already stored in postgis, i know how to connect python with postgresql , but i just can't find anything that help me plot my data into a map, i read somewhere, that i should connect to postgresql, query my shapefile table , select the geom attribute , store it into a geodataframe and then plot it. You need to use matplotlib paths and patches and there is a Python module dedicated to plot polygons from shapefiles using these functions Descartes. Webinar: NCL and Shapefiles. It’d probably be helpful to have the DEM loaded. Download the "Shapefile. Tons of science-oriented libraries in Python are free. Drawing a Contour Plot using Python and Matplotlib: Create a list of x points. Converting shapefiles and KML files February 10, 2009 / Steven Vance / 79 Comments Google Earth Pro is a slightly more advanced version than the free edition of the popular satellite imagery application (okay, it does way more, but many people just use that feature). Blog About. A pure python implementation of the elliptical Fourier analysis method described by Kuhl and Giardina (1982). It is also possible to use google map style backgrounds. Call the contour() function of matplotlib. This post shows you how to plot polygons in Python. csv file upload. Select NAME column (column J) for Names for ID, by clicking on the triangle button to this. Open source tools for using geospatial data in python reading a shapefile with Fiona. Hi, I tried to plot my shape and my points using your code, but I can't add the points on the fiona python object (I must be use this because I need to use a selection inside the original shapefile for different combinations of municipalities in my Thesis). I would like to be able to layer shapefiles in a map chart. GeoPandas extends the datatypes used by pandas to allow spatial operations on geometric types. I am new to gis and am trying to plot a shapefile containing land polygons. Plotting shapefiles¶. Field type: the type of data at this column index. The arguments given to the plot() method deserve further explanations. Any MATLAB object can be a value of a field. It comes with state-of-the-art tools for 3D rendering, a suite of widgets for 3D interaction, and extensive 2D plotting capability. In the 'plot()' functions below, use the col argument for lines, bor for polygon border colors. In this blog we will look at some of the libraries and demonstrate few basic functionalities. python shapefile shapely matplotlib cartopy. ) based on bounding box for whole world with data about a day old. OSMnx lets you download street network data and build topologically corrected street networks, project to UTM and plot the networks, and save the street network as SVGs, GraphML files, or shapefiles for later use. Getting Started: Python and IDLE With a thousand thanks to 6. The King of Growth,Working with the Python Super Function,Python Cheat Sheets,Beautiful Soup 4 Python,Web Scraping with BeautifulSoup,Python - Quick Guide,The del Statement,__str__ vs. About the netCDF Tutorial Network Common Data Form (netCDF) is a file format for storing multidimensional scientific data (variables) such as temperature, humidity, pressure, wind speed, and direction. pyplot as plt Basic plotting commands: plt. Basemap raster clipping with a shapefile Basemap is a great library for mapping faster than other python options, but there are some usual things I couldn't find how to do. 7 but it does not have the correct file structure for Python to see "site-packages" so QGIS is not available. Geopandas plot of roads colored according to an attribute. This post shows you how to plot polygons in Python. In this section, we will look at a number of use cases for generating and using random numbers and randomness with the standard Python API. Plot Data on a Map using Basemap in Python Data visualisation is an indispensable part of any Data analysis project. Basemap is a great tool for creating maps using python in a simple way. Python strongly encourages community involvement in improving the software. spatial analysis, data science, open source gis, data visualization. ylabel('Temp. To open up separate windows for interactive figures in Spyder go to Spyder menu and set:. Plotting radar data with MetPy, pyproj, Basemap MetPy radar plots The MetPy python package is really helpful for atmospheric scientists which allows you to plot radar data (specifically Level 3 data) downloaded from the THREDDS server whose files are in the. Or refine the plots in Python with matplotlib or additional packages, such as Seaborn and the Holoviz ecosystem. pcolormesh extended from scatter plot or other method? Sorry for repeatingly asking this question, I sent you through email couple of weeks ago. Download the Redwood Shapefile for California and place it in "C:/Temp". Mapshaper is an editor for map data. Robin's Blog Converting latitude/longitude co-ordinates to Landsat WRS-2 paths/rows March 5, 2013. In this context I need to import the shapefile into Python. Geodata can be stored in a database, geodatabase, shapefile, coverage, raster image, or even a dbf table or Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. Now we will add the point shapefile that we have made earlier. 今回は市までわかってるverをPythonでやってみます。. Both shapefiles are in the Albers Equal Area (NAD 83) projection – also referred to as the NAD 1983 California (Teale) Albers projection. Features Data structures for graphs, digraphs, and multigraphs. Field type: the type of data at this column index. The color of the point shapefile will vary according to the attribute table value of a column where a paremeter of each site was saved. For further reference I will describe shortly how I did it below. Python: Anaconda distribution (has many, useful packages included) PythonAnywhere: browser-based Python system (for those who don't want to add/update the Python on their computer) (See help page about saving matplotlib plots. Chameleon – Environments for building applications with MapServer. plot_grid method (which is an extension of bokeh. How to Plot Polygons In Python. ArcGIS Explorer Online allows you to import files of data where each row contains location information, in comma-separated values (CSV) format, or other text files separated by semicolon or tab characters. Quick import. This method returns the axis with the geographies in them, so we make sure to store it on an object with the same name, ax. We set bins to 64, the resulting heatmap will be 64x64. What about plotting with plt. I am just a novice when it comes to programmatic data-visualization in Python, but I was wondering if there is a way to plot both the osmnx objects and scatterplot via standard matplotlib plt. The third is a file containing the Fisher tower location. The elements of the two files are linked by their offsets in the file: the first geometric feature (offset 0 in the shp) has its. Then we create a Basemap instance setting the Robinson projection, that is used by the National Geographic Society for world maps. As part of some work I was doing for my PhD, I needed to automatically find what Landsat scene path and row would contain a pixel with a certain latitude/longitude co-ordinate (this was basically so I could automatically download the relevant Landsat image and do some processing on it). Download Download a free trial of PyXLL to start writing your Python Excel add-in. Features Data structures for graphs, digraphs, and multigraphs. Identifying the formats required for a desired function is the first step in using some of the many toolbox or modeling features in ArcMap. 0-0ubuntu1) [universe] Python wrapper for the GNUTLS library python-gobject (3. This section specifies the plot title based on the dates of the files. I try to use functions that return geometry objects so I can plot them with the geoscript. The Python Discord. You can also import geographic data stored in Esri shapefile and GPS Exchange (GPX) formats. Open a new file and save your Python script in the main directory you just made and name it main. Examples of how to make maps with Plotly and Mapbox. You can then use gsn_add_shapefile_polylines to add the shapefile outlines. The result is quite neat and i have included the full script required to do re-create the map seen above. The resulting polygon map can be loaded directly into StatPlanet to create an interactive point map, such as an interactive map of world cities or US cities. In particular, it makes python point-in-polygon calculations very easy. You need to use matplotlib paths and patches and there is a Python module dedicated to plot polygons from shapefiles using these functions Descartes. I am guessing this would have to use shapefiles instead of gridded data to define the countries. Call the contour() function of matplotlib. Routable Shapefiles. Convert KML/KMZ to CSV or KML/KMZ to shapefile or KML/KMZ to Dataframe or KML/KMZ to GeoJSON. Bottom Line: Here's a simple way to plot some of the US Census data. Again, reproduce the fancy indexing shown in the diagram above. Drawing a Contour Plot using Python and Matplotlib: Create a list of x points. I've successfully gotten matplotlib working using this answer, but it is very slow and heavy to load any shapefile that hap. Python Plotting: Broken Axis. (Sample code to create the above spreadsheet. "extract_values. Show your plot. In this instance, you can clip or crop your data. This library reads and writes ESRI Shapefiles in pure Python. In a two days coding challenge over workers day holiday, I decided to play with maps as means to plot information. DataCamp offers interactive R, Python, Sheets, SQL and shell courses. Thanks in. This article is about importing ESRI Shapefiles into OSM. The shapefile I obtained is from the Spatial Data Repository where you can find detailed shapefiles for most countries. Many other plotting python packages make use of matplotlib and offer to users higher-level user interface. Now note that in this post the data I will be using to plot points and such on a map is the 2015 England and Wales Property prices and so I will be drawing the UK. The following are code examples for showing how to use shapefile.